3 edition of Influence of Volatile Fuel Components on Vehicle Emissions. found in the catalog.
Influence of Volatile Fuel Components on Vehicle Emissions.
United States. Bureau of Mines.
|Series||Report of investigations (United States. Bureau of Mines) -- 7291|
|Contributions||Eccleston, B., Noble, B., Hurn, R.|
Volatile Organic Compounds Emissions Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are a large group of organic chemicals that include any compound of carbon (excluding carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic carbides or carbonates, and ammonium carbonate). VOCs are of interest in part because they participate in. Road-vehicle emissions continue to dominate urban air pollution. The most important pollutant emissions from light-duty, gasoline-powered vehicles are volatile .
Both categories of emissions can be evaluated on a direct basis and a well-to-wheel basis. Conventional vehicles with an internal combustion engine (ICE) produce direct emissions through the tailpipe, as well as through evaporation from the vehicle's fuel system and during the fueling process. Conversely, EVs produce zero direct emissions. the other two fuels. On the contrary, E85 was the least emitting fuel as far as these emissions are concerned. The influence of fuel composition was instead almost negligible for NOx emissions. A statically significant increase of NOx emissions was noticed only in the case of E85 and only over the extra-urban part of the NEDC cycle.
The purpose of this work was to investigate the influence of fuel parameters on emissions, combustion and cycle to cycle IMEP variations in a single cylinder version of a commercial direct injection stratified charge (DISC) spark ignition engine. The emission measurements employed both conventional. In , 86 million of approximately million tons of pollutants discharged into the air in the United States was attributable to motor vehicle traffic. Beginning in Los Angeles had reduced sulfur dioxide emissions by banning the use of coal and fuel oils for industrial purposes, but the smog problem continued to increase.
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Additional Physical Format: Online version: Eccleston, B.H. Influence of volatile fuel components on vehicle emissions. [Washington, D.C.]: U.S. Dept. of the. The study involved six gasolines--the base fuel, three fuels of varied volatility, and two fuels differing from the base and from each other in front-e Influence of Volatile Fuel Components on Vehicle Emissions.
Authors Eccleston-BH; Noble-BF; Hurn-RW Source of fuel volatility and front-end fuel composition on the amount and. Influence of volatile fuel components on vehicle emissions / By B. Eccleston, Richard W. Hurn, B. Noble, American Petroleum Institute.
and United States. Influence of Volatile Fuel Components on Vehicle Emissions. book of Mines. VOC emissions are heavily enriched in the lightest most volatile compounds present in the liquid fuel, as for example the vapors displaced from a vehicle fuel tank as it is filled with liquid fuel.
Haskew et al. () studied running loss evaporative emissions and found that the compositionFile Size: KB. Fuel type is one of the key factors affecting VOCs source profiles of motor vehicle emissions, and gasoline, diesel and LPG (Lai et al., ) are three main fuel types used in China. As shown in Fig.
2S, contributions of alkanes were similar among the Cited by: E f_. S E V 1 E R The Science of the Total Environment () the Science of the Total Environment m meeenaroaat lamnat eae st~enurt Research Into the Environment and Its RdaROnship alth hian Vehicle emissions in relation to fuel composition Roger Perry*, Ivan L.
Gee Centre for Environmental Control and Waste Management, Imperial College, London SW7 2BU, UK. Emission control system, in automobiles, means employed to limit the discharge of noxious gases from the internal-combustion engine and other components. There are three main sources of these gases: the engine exhaust, the crankcase, and the fuel tank and carburetor.
The major boiler configurations for fuel oil-fired combustors are watertube, firetube, cast iron, and tubeless design. Boilers are classified according to design and orientation of heat transfer surfaces, burner configuration, and size. These factors can all strongly influence emissions as well as the potential for controlling emissions.
High concentrations of tropospheric ozone remain a concern, and strategies to reduce the precursors of ozone, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and nitrogen oxides, have been established in many countries.
In this study, chassis dynamometer experiments were conducted for 25 late model gasoline passenger vehicles in the Japanese market to evaluate VOC emission trends.
Trucking is an industry with already thin profit margins, and especially in an economic downturn, the effects of escalating and volatile fuel costs are. What are vehicle refueling emissions. •VOC vapor and entrained droplets displaced from the fuel tank ullage.
•Any fuel spilled during the refueling event. Mostly of concern for volatile. Exhaust gas or flue gas is emitted as a result of the combustion of fuels such as natural gas, gasoline, petrol, biodiesel blends, diesel fuel, fuel oil, or ing to the type of engine, it is discharged into the atmosphere through an exhaust pipe, flue gas stack, or propelling often disperses downwind in a pattern called an exhaust plume.
The fuel in a vehicle’s tank and fuel lines is subject to evaporation over time, releasing volatile organic compounds into the atmosphere. These emissions are now regulated in the majority of automotive markets around the world, and evaporative emission control (EVAP) systems have become commonplace in all new vehicles.
The objective of the current study was to evaluate the types and concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the passenger cabin.
The volatile organic compounds (VOC) from diesel engines, including formaldehyde and benzene, are of concern and remain as unregulated harmful substances.
These substances are positively correlated with total hydrocarbon (THC) emissions, but the VOC and aldehyde compounds at light load or idling conditions are more significant than THC. In contrast, fuel economy measures how far a vehicle will travel with a gallon of fuel.
Because fuel consumption data indicate money saved on fuel purchases and reductions in carbon dioxide emissions, the book finds that vehicle stickers should provide consumers with fuel consumption data in addition to fuel economy information.
Automobile, or car, a usually four-wheeled vehicle designed primarily for passenger transportation and commonly propelled by an internal-combustion engine using a volatile fuel.
Learn more about automotive design and the history of cars in this article. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that have a high vapor pressure at ordinary room high vapor pressure results from a low boiling point, which causes large numbers of molecules to evaporate or sublimate from the liquid or solid form of the compound and enter the surrounding air, a trait known as example, formaldehyde, which evaporates from.
Evaporative emissions from gasoline powered vehicles consist of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), or hydrocarbons, released from the fuel system, rubber and other plastic components of the vehicle, such as tires, plastic interior and exterior trim, carpeting etc.
The torrefaction of municipal solid waste is one of the solutions related to the Waste to Carbon concept, where high-quality fuel—carbonized refuse-derived fuel (CRDF)—is produced. An identified potential problem is the emission of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) during CRDF storage.
Kinetic emission parameters have not yet been determined. The Climate Group launched a new initiative this week called Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Challenge that unites the global purchasing power of businesses, cities, states, regions, and NGOs for electric and other non-fossil-fuel vehicles.PART 2 LPG AS AN AUTOMOTIVE FUEL 5.
Environmental Impact Vehicle emission is a major source of air pollution especially in the urban area. To reduce pollution, many governments would encourage the use of cleaner alternative fuel.
LPG is one of the leading alternative fuels. LPG is cleaner than petrol and diesel because it is composed of.rative emission rates. 1 Vehicle emission rates were also adjusted to reflect a higher rate of gasoline evaporation during vehicle use.2 Highway vehicle emission rates were estimated for hot summer temperatures typical of days when the ozone stand-ard is violated.
Finally, VOC emissions from resi-dential fuel combustion (primarily from wood burn.